Bicheno - Little Blue Penguins
To spot a higher number of Fairy Penguins or Little Blue Penguins the main breeding season in November and December is the best time of the year. September, October, and January around 100 and less arrive after sunset at the shore. Usually, you spot a higher number of penguins at high tide, because the little blue have to walk less distance to their nests. It's pretty tricky where they get out of the water and walk over the huge boulders. You can watch them in the evening without a tour but please don't disturb them, don't block their way, don't use a torch just a red light, and don't pet them! If they get disturbed they may disappear in Bicheno.
You may see blue penguins throughout the year in Bicheno and Tasmania but a few only in winter. During summer, you spot plenty of them. However, wildlife is not predictable. Especially in winter, it can happen that none of them come ashore.
- Building their nest from April/May to August
- Laying eggs from August to December
- Chick raising from August until January
- Moulting from February to April/May
More visitors in summer; December to February. Fewer visitors in winter and spring but fewer penguins to spot.
Tips and Accommodation in Bicheno
You will love to stay here at least two nights to increase your chance to spot them. Our favorite hike nearby is the Apsley River Gorge Trail which is not much crowded. Stay in one of the very view private properties where the little blue nest in the gardens. One of these vacation homes is the Cod Rock Point perfectly situated. However, don't get to close, no camera flashlight or torch, only red light for obvious reasons! Another highlight in Bicheno is the Bicheno Blowhole at high tide.
Are you getting to Tasmania from Melbourne or Sydney? If it's Melbourne stay here for a night close to St. Kilda and watch their huge penguin colony at day and night.
It is a marvelous experience; to see penguins in small groups arriving ashore, walking and jumping up the rocks to their burrows. If you are lucky and don't move, they walk close to you and pass by to get back to their nests. We had rented a house where penguins nest in the garden close to Cod Rock Point.
In the evening, we went outside with red headlights!! only and we were waiting on a huge rock that the penguins come ashore. Don’t block their way! If they are scared it is better to leave. We spotted them spectacular jumping from one rock to the next. Later on, we heard them in the garden. The next evening, due to heavy rainfall we stayed inside the house with switched off lights. They are so cute to watch while walking through the garden to their burrows.
It is possible to book a penguin night tour in Bicheno to watch them up close. The guides have a huge knowledge and they let you know how to observe the Fairy Penguins without disturbing!
No camera flashlight or torch, only red light for obvious reasons! Dress warmly, you are getting cold while waiting.
It was pretty cold and windy at the end of November
Quick Facts About the Fairy Penguin
- Most of the little blue penguins breed on offshore islands less than 5 % are found on the mainland.
- These cute penguins are not taller than 40 cm and weigh one kg.
- They live on average 6-7 years.
- Diving typically between 10-30 meters to catch small fish, squid or krill.
- Some return year-round to their burrow but most of them stay at sea in autumn and winter.
- In the breeding season, the parents share the 33-37 days' period of egg incubation. After hatching the parents leave their chick unguarded to catch fish during the day. When the chicks are about 5 weeks old they wait outside the burrow to get fed at night. Another 2-3 weeks later they will leave the nest and parents forever to move to the sea.