Alejandro de Humboldt
During dry season from november to april, start the hike early. Shoulder season May and June, showers may occur and it is easier to find a nice casa. July and August are the Cuban school holiday.
We visited the National Park Alejandro de Humboldt with a daytour from Baracoa. We walked the 7km long trail called "Balcon de Iberia". This national park is quite isolated, in the far east of Cuba. Because of its isolated position it developed a unique and divers tropical biological environment with a diversity of ecosystems. Many of the underlying rocks are toxic to plants so species have had to adapt to survive in these hostile conditions. This unique process of evolution has resulted in the development of many new species and the park is one of the most important sites in the Western Hemisphere for the conservation of endemic flora.
We were lucky enough to see to smallest frog in the world, who's size is less than 1 cm. The name of this miniscule frog is Eleutherodactylus iberia. We also some other intresting animals. the Cuban parakeet, a red scorpion (whom we later discovered was a very toxic one), and a very strange and rare type of palmtree. The trunk of this endemic palmtree was surrounded by rows of needles, who were sharp as knifes.
The trail goes up- and down, and you'll have to cross many rivers. At one point you can swim under a waterfall in a small clear river, which is very special.
On the way back to Baracoa we made a stop at Playa Maguana, a perfect spot to end this great day.