To observe or coming close to a volcano is always spectacular. Some are dormant and you can even drive to the top. There are active ones that are spectacular to see at night and yet others require a permit to hike close by.
With 500 explosions each day and being one of the most accessible volcanos it’s a must to visit Mount Yasur if visiting Vanuatu. There is increasing activity from May onwards during the drier season due to colder night temps. Tanna Island is a rip-off, but it’s worth coming here! Continue reading to figure out your best time for this once in a lifetime adventure, our 7 must-know tips; 1) Volcano Activity and Accessibility 2) Weather 3) Crowds 4) Where to Stay and Where Not 5) What to Wear and Bring 6) Transport 7) Things to Do on Tanna Island.
Yasur Volcano Activity and Accessibility
The activity is monitored to protect the local people and the tourists. The Mount Yasur Volcano is a high-risk area. There is a permanent exclusion zone which is prohibited to enter. Volcano activity is scaled into five level. Already level three is severe and dangerous. Since the end of 2015, the activity is at level 2. In June 2018 an ash plume was up to 1.5 km / 5000 feet high.
It's a couple of years ago that this level occurred.
This is a fascinating and thrilling level, but risky as well. It's not recommended to visit the volcano with kids for safety reasons. There is already a risk to get hit by lava bombs. The fiery eruptions are getting stronger during the dry season and colder nights temps from May onwards. Colder temps increase the activity. Nearby houses get shaken by some of the stronger eruptions which are terrifying loud, especially during the night.
Ash plumes may get thrown to the other side of the volcano to the huge ash plain where you pass the volcano by 4 WD jeep. If this happens the village, the eastern side, and the Yasur Volcano are not accessible.
Check the recent activity of Mount Yasur
Weather / Climate
Usually, there is a dry and a wet season on Tanna Island, Vanuatu but Mount Yasur has its own microclimate. Rain occurs throughout the year due to the many eruptions and ash clouds. During the dry season, it often rains in the night or morning. The wet season lasts from November until April. Day temps are around 30°C. while nights are still pleasant around 20°C. During the dry season, day temps range between the mid to high 20s and night temps are colder on average between 14°C to 18°C.
Visiting Time and Crowds
Tours to the crater rim are offered from dawn till dusk.
- The morning tour starts very early in darkness around 4 am without the ceremony. Pro: very view people come so early to experience the active volcano. You experience the active volcano with its fiery lava in darkness and with daylight as well. Con: Showers occur quite often.
- During the day lots of day trippers come here but still bearable. Pro: You can stay on one of the other islands as well. Con.: It’s impressive but not as spectacular as during the evening. The glow is most breathtaking in pitch darkness.
The tour in the evening starts around 4 pm with a ceremony before you drive up to Mount Yasur. You arrive shortly before sunset; when it gets dark it is just mind-blowing. Con.: It can get crowded between 40-80 people. You should experience at least one tour in the evening.
The Big Island is best visited in the spring or the fall: It's less busy than in peak season, and the weather is pleasant. Read more in-depth tips and 5 must-know things: 1. Weather 2. Season Details 3. Avoiding the Crowds 4. Hiking Without the Crowds 5. Alerts due to seismic activity and monthly updates - scroll down for more information about the partially reopening and what remain closed.
Hawaii is a sunny and warm paradise with very little temperature variation throughout the seasons. Check out the Big Island Weather Guide. There is even less rain in the drier season from May until October. However, it's a tropical climate, and some rain can always occur in Hawaii. That's the reason why the islands have a lush and green vegetation. The north and east coast get more rain than south and west which is the leeward side. Although the temperatures are pleasant year-round, bring a light jacket or sweater for hiking tours in the park. Because it can be a little cooler at the higher elevations, you'll cross while hiking.
Low Season and High Season
Fewer visitors in spring and fall: APRIL to EARLY JUNE and SEPTEMBER (after Labor Day) to OCTOBER. However, it's busier during the "Golden Week" in Japan at the end of April until the beginning of May. It also gets very crowded when the Ironman takes place in October. Busy and increasing rates in summer (mid-June through August), during Christmas, New Year's Eve (mid-December until mid-January) and on Independence Day. Months with the highest visitation in general: Mid-June until August and December as well as January.
Avoiding the Crowds
Especially the top spots can get very crowded during the daytime, not only in peak seasons. Our top tips to dodge the crowds:
Jaggar Museum / Crater Overlook remain closed for years
Almost everyone wants to see the eruptions of the glowing lava lake in the dark/dusk and visit the museum at the same time. That’s why this place gets ridiculously crowded between 5:30 PM and 7:30 PM. What to do? Split your visit: The museum is open from 10:00 AM - 07:30 PM. Be there first thing in the morning. Then visit the overlook (accessible 24/7) separately in the late evening, after the crowds are gone. You may also visit even later around midnight or early in the morning between 5:00 and 6:00 AM: It’s the most fascinating time to watch the breathtaking glowing lava in the dark, in magical solitude.
Thurston Lava Tube (Nāhuku):
Starts to get crowded around 10:00 AM. Be there much earlier in the morning. Not only parking space is easily available, but the tube is almost empty of visitors when you get there early.
Kīlauea Iki Trail: remain closed for years
A truly stunning and scenic but also the most popular trail. Start this 2-hour hike (4 miles) at least between 8:00 and 8:30 AM to avoid sharing the trail with too many others. This is also a good idea in summer before it gets too hot and humid.
Mauna Loa road and trail are reopened
Hiking Without the Crowds
Closure Updates / Alerts (Seismic Activity)/ Reopening
May 2018: Hawai‘i Volcanoes National Park is closed due to the possibility of explosive steam and ashfall at the summit of Kīlauea Volcano.
June 2018: There are still frequently steam explosions and ash fallouts at Kilauea Crater at the end of June. The ash has an impact on most of the island. Earthquakes occurred measuring a magnitude up to 5.6.
July 2018: Increasing activity at Halemaumau Crater equally to an earthquake with 5.3 magnitudes. If possible avoid the area around the National Park and the HW 11at the 30-mile marker near Volcano due to road damage.
August 2018: Seismic activity can still happen at any time. More than 60 eruptions occurred from May to August.
September 2018: On September 22nd parts of the park may be reopened. Anyhow, Kilauea and Mauna Loa Summit remain closed for safety reasons. HW 11 is open despite damages between mile marker 28 to 32.
Late October 2018: Most of the park got reopened, but eruptions and earthquakes can happen again. Don't leave the marked trails. Stay on the roads for your own safety.
How to master Tongariro - Consider three simple rules. Read on for our insights to hike in the right season, be prepared for the elements, and arrange your shuttle in advance.
Weather and Hiking Season
The official DOC hiking season starts late October until end of April. However, the best months with the most stable weather for hiking are during summer from December to February. Snow in winter (June, July) and at higher altitudes until spring is common. You need to be experienced for winter hiking or take a guide. The trail is closed in very poor weather conditions. This happens more often from the end of autumn until the beginning of spring. Poor weather conditions and fog can spoil the hike and spectacular views.
In summer the mean daily temperature is about 20°C but can drop even to 10 °C. In March, April, and November the average temperature ranges between 18°C to 16°C and can drop to 10°C and below. Winter is very cold, and snow is common. Check the weather forecast for Tongariro first
Photo by Daniel Brubakeron Unsplash
Tongariro Crossing is known to be one of the most spectacular hikes in the world. Expect many hikers during the summer. The situation improves a little in November and March/April. Since October 2017 it is mandatory to book a shuttle. Continue reading to get more information about the new restrictions.
Tongariro Northern Circuit is one of the Great Walks of New Zealand for backcountry hiking. It extends the Tongariro Crossing into a multi-day loop of 45 km. Advanced booking during the great walks season is essential. Outside the season it is first come, first served. Get more details in the following description.
Waiotapu is a year-round destination and very popular. The peak season is the best time of the year for a good shot, and you can escape the crowds. Read on for our tips about the best time to visit Wai-O-Tapu Thermal Wonderland.
Avoiding Tourist Crowds
Less crowded in autumn and spring. May and November may be a good choice to escape the crowds. To enjoy the park almost alone during the peak season we skipped the geyser. They let the geyser erupt with surfactant every morning at 10.15 am. It's recommended to be at the geyser parking area around 9.30. The Waiotapu area is pretty huge, and you have to walk a lot. The geyser is not directly situated inside the park. You need to take your car to get there and back to the main park entrance. Therefore, it's less busy early morning when they open at 8.30 a.m. The geyser eruption is presented at 10.15 a.m. and arrival is advised at 9.30 a.m. Arrive at 8.30 a.m. at the entrance when the park gets opened, skip the geyser, and enjoy the park for two hours without crowds.
Picture provided by Johannes Ehrhardt
Most Pleasant Weather
Best months with less precipitation from January to April. Most rainfall during winter and in December. Day temps from December to March are often above 20°C. November and May are worth a try, although rainfall occurs; these months can be perfect as well with temps above 15°C. Usually, May is slightly drier than November. However, even in the rain, it’s an impressive park which waits for you to get explored. Due to the volcanic activity and the high humidity, it feels warm inside the park even if it's drizzling. Opening hours and more information: Official Website of Waiotapu
Mount Etna! Every question answered right here in this detailed guide! Starting with the best time to visit: Mt. Etna can be visited and hiked year-round. However, the best months to visit with pleasant temperatures and without the extreme July/August tourist crowds are: May and late September - October. But still, expect busy areas at Etna South even during these shoulder months. Even more important is to choose the right time of day for your hike or visit. Read on for our detailed when to go tips or jump directly to:
- Full Mount Etna Guide (Public Cable Car, 4x4)
- Mount Etna Tours (Handpicked)
Mount Etna Helicopter Flight (Epic)
Thinking about the Etna Heli Flight Tour (see above) and need some motivation? Watch this stunning aerial Etna video (turn to landscape orientation on a mobile phone):
The official winter season is from December to March and the summer season from April to October/November. Keep in mind that even in the summer you’ll need a jacket above 2000m. Helpful monthly overview: Mount Etna Weather
April, May (Spring): The season starts, yet April temperatures are not pleasant enough for most visitors and there is a chance of new snow. During both months the chance of a cloudy day is still high compared to the summer months. Temperature wise May is better than April as temperatures are rising. Although May is considered a shoulder month, it’s already busy. Not the crazy crowds like in July/August, but the queues at Etna South are already long.
June, July, August (Summer): Most pleasant temperatures, stable mountain weather and the least chance of cloudy days. Another climate advantage: Between June and late September Mount Etna is snow-free. This is also the peak season. Especially in July and August, it’s ridiculously crowded and accommodation prices are at their highest (read below on how to avoid the crowds).
September, October (Autumn): Temperatures drop, but those 2 shoulder months still offer pleasant temperatures, especially September. In October it’s windier, the chance of clouds are a little higher and there is even a chance of snow. Dress accordingly. Both months are considered shoulder season. However, it’s still busy at Etna South.
November, December, January, February, March (Winter): It’s winter season and quieter. Visits to Etna and even hiking tours are still possible. Skiing as well of course. You need to dress for cold temperatures and even colder wind. Bring an extra pair of socks and a winter jacket. Be prepared for snow. The Funivia (cable car, see below) as well as the jeeps (or snow-cats) run every day in winter, even during Christmas. However, depending on the weather conditions there might be days when they are not operating. In the winter, a pre-booked tour (see below) is highly recommended instead of going up on your own. They also provide you with snowshoes and sticks.
Time of Day
To avoid the heavy crowds it’s recommended to start early in the morning. Read below (Avoiding Tourist Crowds) for more details regarding an early morning visit. Another advantage: Clouds tend to form later in the day. This means you’ll experience much better views by going early. Heavy clouds and mist can spoil the whole experience at the top. In case you are going in the peak summer months with the least chance of clouds (see above) and the weather forecast predicts a clear next day: Then you might try a sunset tour as well.
Avoiding Tourist Crowds
Silvestri Craters near Rifugio Sapienza at 1900 m
Usually, the whole summer season between late April and October is busy at Etna South. If possible, try to avoid July and August on the south side, as it’s ridiculously crowded during both peak months. The heaviest crowds are at Rifugio Sapienza (read the description in the section below 'Review & Tips'). However, as soon as you get to the top and start hiking further with a guide, you’ll get away from the masses of tourists anyway. Read on for more tips on how to avoid the crowds, even in the peak summer months:
To use the cable car + jeep and avoid the crowds at Etna South between April and October: Regardless of the month, take the very first bus to Rifugio Sapienza (see below). If you go by (rental) car: Be at Rifugio around 8:30 in the morning. The cable car (Funivia) starts officially at 9 AM. However, the first lift often begins 15 minutes earlier. Be there at this time and you’ll avoid the heavy crowds which usually start to arrive around or after 10 AM. Another advantage of going early: It’s less cloudy in the mornings compared to afternoons / evenings. Additionally, avoid weekends, it’s less busy during the week.
If you are a hiker, there is an even better way: Be at Rifugio Sapienza (see below) as early as possible. Then start hiking up to 2900m (further is not allowed without a guide). You won’t see many others, maybe even hike in solitude. If you want to approach the highest craters (3300m): You need to use the long trek (see below) or pre-book with a tour operator: They use the cable car and jeep in the morning for longer treks. Extra tip to avoid the crowds: Book the Rifugio Sapienza hotel (see below, at the very end) and explore the area there when it’s quiet: early in the morning or late in the evening.
Visit Etna North:
Alternatively, visit Etna North. The landscape is less volcanic like but still fascinating and much less touristy. You can either hike self-guided or book a guided Etna North tour: Operators offer guided hiking tours to the top as well as jeep tours.
Dry season and a sunny day are the best preconditions for this hike. In February 2016 we spent six nights close to the National Park to do this hike. Only one day had the perfect weather conditions. Don't start too late! The hike is exhausting with many descents and ascents.
The dry season last from December until April/May. This is also the peak tourist season. Anyway this is one of the wettest regions in the world with 7 liters of rain each year. Even at the dry season the trail is slippery. The climate is humid tropical. The driest month is March and the wettest is August.